Though the dynamism of new industries and the private sector meant that most workers who lost their jobs found other work, they tended to be lower paid and more precarious. Elsewhere there were far fewer opportunities, and Hurst details how different regions diverged widely. There were two constants, however: women workers everywhere found it more difficult to get other work, and those most likely to get other work were managers or party members. There was almost no resistance to closures, but big fights were to come as promises about welfare payments and rights were consistently broken.
Between and there were huge confrontations between laid-off workers, local officials and the police, especially but not only in the north east. This is the weakest part of the book, in that the author gives very few details about the fightbacks, and this chapter could usefully have been much longer.
Workers’ Democracy vs. Privatization in China
He does make interesting distinctions, however, between the various ways that provincial officials reacted, noting in particular that local governments in Sichuan province were both most repressive towards workers and most likely to arrest factory managers. He also underplays the extent to which protests won.
Individual protests often won some extra welfare or back-payments from local governments and factory managements.
If protests dropped off sharply after , this was largely because conditions for laid-off workers had substantially improved. What of the future? The state sector still employs tens of millions of Chinese workers, in core sectors of the economy steel-making, shipbuilding, defence, and so on , from which foreign and private capital are mostly barred.
The Chinese Worker after Socialism
Although there are fewer workers in the state sector than before, those who are left are arguably more powerful, as the Tonghua protest showed. Time is lifting the fog. Pick of the Quarter. Inbunden Engelska, Spara som favorit.
UT College of Liberal Arts:
Skickas inom vardagar. Laddas ned direkt. While millions in China have been advantaged by three decades of reform, impressive gains have also produced social dislocation.
Groups that had been winners under socialism find themselves losers in the new order. Based on field research in nine cities across China, this fascinating study considers the fate of one such group - 35 million workers laid off from the state-owned sector.
The book explains why these lay-offs occurred, how workers are coping with unemployment, what actions the state is taking to provide them with livelihoods and re-employment, and what happens when workers mobilize collectively to pursue redress of their substantial grievances. What happens to these people, the remnants of the socialist working class, will be critical in shaping post-socialist politics and society in China and beyond.
Passar bra ihop.
Ruling before the Law William Hurst. Chinese Worker after Socialism William Hurst.
Related The Chinese Worker after Socialism
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